Assign2.docx

Proposal for Final Project

School Nutrition/Fitness

Ashford University

June 14, 2021

Fitness and Nutrition K-12 in North Carolina

I. Introduction – Examining how fitness and nutrition can benefit our school-age children is critical to their future and the end of the great state of North Carolina. Many school districts in the state have programs to combat the growing epidemic of childhood obesity, and others have not. This paper will delve into the importance of putting a plan in place and the people who will help implement it.
A. Problem
1.Lack of nutrition in school
2. Lack of Fitness in the school
B. Solution
1. Examine current programs
2. Implement Programs
C. Background
1. How much has childhood diabetes grown in the last 20 years
2. What is the diabetes and overweight percentages at schools
who have programs vs. those who don’t?
D. Data Source
1. CDC
2. NCBI
3. State of North Carolina
E. Scope and Limitations
1. Percent of those effected by diabetes and obesity
2. In the state of North Carolina
3. School age kids K-12
F. Thesis statement – The writing will provide recommendations on how to integrate fitness and nutrition into the public school system while educating families on the importance. Providing data on current programs and how they are thriving versus those who have no programs at all.

II. Research Methods

A. Surveys
B. Questionnaires
C. Interviews
D. Case Studies
E. Participant and Non- Participant Observations
III. Results

A. Data in tables
B. Contextual Analysis
C. Data Collection
D. Secondary Findings
IV. Conclusion

A. How to implement
B. How many schools are affected?
V. Recommendation

A. Benefit of addressing the issue
B. What will happen if the program is not implemented

Annotated Bibliography

Allen, A., Viglietta, C., Bitterman, A., Kling, D., & Hill, E. (2020). Using Rock Climbing to Promote Wellness Among Youth With Type 1 Diabetes: A Self-Determination Perspective. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.18666/jorel-2020-v12-i2-9852 
The journal was a study about how rock – climbing study utilized a mixed-methods quasi experimental research design to measure the American Camp Association Youth Outcomes Battery subscales on independence, perceived competence, and friendship skill. Pre- and posttest instruments were utilized over four months (Allen, etl, 2020). The journal research is at the foundation of what the paper wants to explore how physical exercise can benefit children, especially diabetes.
CDC. (2012, September). Overweight and Obesity. UNC. https://tracs.unc.edu/docs/research/north-carolina-state-profile_nutrition_2010.pdf. 
The article will provide information on overweight and obese children in North Carolina, giving an in-depth profile of the state of North Carolina so that the reader can grasp the significance of the problem. In addition, the article will be used to create tables and graphs to be used as a data source.
DABELEA, D, TALTON,, J, D’AGOSTINO JR, WADWA, P, URBINA, E., DOLAN, L, DANIELS, S, MARCOVINA, S., & HAMMAN, R. (2021, June 9). Cardiovascular Risk Factors Are Associated With Increased Arterial Stiffness in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes. Epidemiology/Health Services Research. 2013. 
The article examines the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and the clustering of metabolic syndrome that can cause arterial stiffness in youth with type 1 diabetes. The study was done by a team of doctors that specialized in cardiovascular medicine. The source will be used to show the long-term effects of not addressing the issues associated with diabetes in our youth grades K-12. The article will be a source of data and graphs that will be used.

DeVries, D. (2016). Developing a Physical Activity and Nutrition After-School Program With Youth at Risk. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 50(4), 304–326. https://doi.org/10.18666/trj-2016-v50-i4-7602 
The article will give insight into an option for kids and parents if their school district chooses not to participate in the new nutrition and fitness program. There can be other options like after-school programs whose focus is fitness and nutrition. The article supplies data as to the benefits of teaching parents and students good habits.
Kagie, R., Lin, S.-Y. (N., Hussain, M. A., & Thompson, S. C. (2019, February 27). A Pragmatic Review to Assist Planning and Practice in Delivering Nutrition Education to Indigenous Youth. MDPI. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/3/510. 
The article is a plan on how to deliver nutrition to schools and what that should include. It details the importance of helping indigenous people. And North Carolina is home to some of the largest groups, and their resources are minimal. The article defines the importance of sharing good nutrition and fitness. This article will help determine the paper’s purpose and show the importance and need for the program.

N.C. Children’s Hospital. UNC Children’s Hospital. (n.d.). https://www.uncchildrens.org/uncmc/unc-childrens/care-treatment/endocrinology/clinical-programs/diabetes/. 
The article provides information about childhood diabetes in North Carolina, showing the increases and information on how doctors are trying to fight the surge. The information in the report will be used on the questionnaire that administrators will answer to see why the issue must be addressed immediately.

Physical Activity for Children and Youth. Physical Activity for Children and Youth – Child Nutrition. (n.d.). https://childnutrition.ncpublicschools.gov/information-resources/nutrition-education/links-to-additional-nutrition-and-physical-activity-resources/physical-activity-for-children-and-youth. 
The article goes into great detail about the active programs on fitness and nutrition in our North Carolina Schools and their success and failures. The article goes into detail about the online options and the face-to-face in-school options. It shows the reader how to join each program, giving schools options that would work best. The information in the article will be part of the questionnaire, survey, and case study.
Song, M. K., Carroll, D. D., Lee, S. M., & Fulton, J. E. (2015). Physical Activities of U.S. High School Students—2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 12(s1). https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2014-0117 
The journal surveys youth participate in various physical activities; however, few nationally representative studies describe the types and variety of youth activity. Looking at whether specific training is better than others and if eating healthy is beneficial to them. The survey is analytical and will be used as a model for the survey that this paper will use.
USDA. (n.d.). About Team Nutrition. USDA. https://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/about-team-nutrition
The article gives the reader different strategies that can be used to eat healthier and Build support for healthy school and child-care environments that encourage nutritious food choices and physically active lifestyles (USDA, nd). The strategies in this article will be incorporated in the study request for the schools. The USDA has a data-backed approach and is well documented, and has shown positive results because we trust the information from the USDA.

Yip, C., Gates, M., Gates, A., & Hanning, R. M. (2015). Peer-led nutrition education programs for school-aged youth: a systematic review of the literature. Health Education Research. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyv063 
The journal is a study of how a child’s peer can be influential in helping others to get motivated to work out and eat right. The article establishes some baseline tasks that are supported by evidence that peer support can work. The article will be used in the questionnaire about do administrators help involving a child’s peer to motivate and inspire others to participate.

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