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University of Phoenix Material
The Hawthorne Effect
Use the table below to answer the following. Be sure to write in complete sentences.
· Investigate the history of the Hawthorne Effect and discuss why it is important for researchers to know about this phenomenon.
· Brainstorm ways that researchers can eliminate this confound.
History and definition of Hawthorne Effect
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“The Hawthorne effect concerns research participation, the consequent awareness of being studied, and possible impact on behavior” (McCambridge et al, 2014, p. 267). The Hawthorne effect began at Western Electric telephone company manufacturing company in Hawthorne. The studies occurred between 1924 and 1933. The observations included a select group of employees who were observed by managers continuously. It was also backed by a research program. In addition, the Hawthorne effect was used in a methodology textbook that was prevalent in 1953. There has been an evolution of controversies in regard to the Hawthorne effect. If there is a Hawthorne effect going on, there can be bias in ways that are not understood well.
Example of Hawthorne Effect
Why is it important for researchers to know about this?
To better understand the environment that influences production and performance it is important for researchers to know about the Hawthorne effect. There are vital traits within a company whereby production is influenced. For example, an employee who gives 100% work ethic. This example shows an employee who is giving their all and one who is motivated to complete their job requirements at a high level. The Hawthorne effect will aid in assisting an organization in understanding multiple ways to motivate their employees and provide a better work environment (Barnes, 2010). It is important for researchers to know and consider the possibilities of the Hawthorne effect as its results are often a temporary fix and may not be reliable (Barnes, 2010). Researchers should be cautious and make certain that they are establishing ways to keep a positive environment and consistent productivity beyond the Hawthorne effect.
Strategies to avoid the Hawthorne Effect (at least two)
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In the study conducted by Goodwin, Stange, Zyzanski, Crabtree, Borawski

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