Cybersecurity GovernanceProject 4: Human Resources Insider Threat GuidelinesStart HereAs you have previously learned, organizations must implement countermeasures to protect information and data vulnerable to cyberattacks from external and internal sources.This is the fourth of six sequential projects. In this project, you will research and investigate topics in order to draft guidelines for your assigned organization’s human resources department to help upper management identify insider threats and to forestall future attempts. Topics include investigating hacker psychological profiles and the danger of profiling employees.You will use your findings to prepare a preliminary set of standards, policies, and/or guidelines for management to use in the event of a perceived insider threat.There are 14 steps in this project. Begin below to review your project scenario.TranscriptCompetenciesYour work will be evaluated using the competencies listed below.1.7: Create neat and professional looking documents appropriate for the project or presentation.2.1: Identify and clearly explain the issue, question, or problem under critical consideration.6.3: Integrate the human aspect of cybersecurity into an organization’s cybersecurity policy.Step 1: Review the Terry Childs CaseBefore getting started on the presentation, you will want to first learn about the Terry Childs case. Research the case and write a one-page summary of your findings. Your summary should answer the following questions:What led to Childs being charged with a crime?How did his employer respond to his actions? What did it do right and/or wrong?What could the company have done to better secure its assets?Your summary should be thorough and include a references page. The information gathered will be used in your final presentation. You will use this summary as Appendix A to your presentation.Submit the Terry Childs Case Review for feedback.Submission for Terry Childs Case ReviewStep 2: Project Practice – SIMTRAY Firion: Day 1Now that you have been introduced to an actual case of insider threats, you will practice handling insiders in a simulated environment.The world of cybersecurity is populated with diverse people with a diversity of perspectives. Every now and then, individuals may violate certain standards of behavior or ethics. It is in an organization’s best interest to identify these people and address their core issues, either through motivation, incentives, or by developing a strong relationship with them. In the event that this course of action fails, organizations must be prepared to employ graduated adverse personnel actions.You will learn how to resolve issues and provide a secure environment by exploring the SIMTRAY titled, “Firion: Find Your Way in Three Days.” SIMTRAY is a simulation that presents you with scenarios that will provide insight into how information security management handles various issues. Some of the issues and topics addressed in this exercise include hacker profiles, insider threats, laws concerning privacy, anonymity, and digital rights management.The SIMTRAY will provide you with scores to give you a sense on how well you are grasping the concepts. The sections are timed for 30 minutes; however, you can run the SIMTRAY as many times as you need. Record your best score and at least one lesson learned from the exercise to include in your report at the end of the three-day simulation.Step 3: Project Practice – SIMTRAY Firion: Day 2In the previous step, you started to examine the SIMTRAY, “Firion: Find Your Way in Three Days.” In this step, continue to focus on SIMTRAY, but document the specific issues that you would like to include in your presentation. You may encounter the following topics in this exercise: hacker profiles, insider threats, laws concerning privacy, anonymity, and digital rights management.The SIMTRAY will provide you with scores to give you a sense on how well you are grasping the concepts. The sections are timed for 30 minutes; however, you can run the SIMTRAY as many times as you need. Record your best score and at least one lesson learned from the exercise to include in your report at the end of the three-day simulation.Step 4: Project Practice – SIMTRAY Firion: Day 3In this step, you should continue to explore the scenarios within SIMTRAY, “Firion: Find Your Way in Three Days.” If you have not already, you will most likely encounter the following topics in this exercise: hacker profiles, insider threats, laws concerning privacy, anonymity, and digital rights management. Document specific issues that you experience in the exercise that you would like to include in your presentation. Think about how these issues might be addressed by guidelines and policy.The SIMTRAY will provide you with scores to give you a sense on how well you are grasping the concepts. The sections are timed for 30 minutes; however, you can run the SIMTRAY as many times as you need. Compile your recorded scores, lessons learned, and documented industry issues into a one-page report. You will use this report as Appendix B to your presentation.Submit your Firion SIMTRAY Report for feedback.Submission for Firion Simtray ReportStep 5: Psychological FactorsIn the previous three steps, you completed simulation activities handling insiders. In the next few steps, you’ll examine intrusion motives/hacker psychology. In order to fully understand the Terry Childs case, it is important to understand that one’s internal motivations play a significant role in their actions.Your next assignment will require you to create a Psychological Factor Matrix that summarizes types of hackers and actors, their motivations, and what sort of standards, policies, and guidelines would be most suitable to mitigate their impact. In order to prepare for this assignment, you will need to dig deeper into the psychological factors that affect hackers. Review the hacker psychology and sociological aspects resource on the hackers and actors topic page and document the following:What psychological factors motivate hackers and actors (e.g., addiction, crime, greed, status)?Give examples where these motivations were a factor in a cyberattack.What can organizations do to be more proactive in identifying and addressing these threats?While you do not need to submit your findings, they will be essential to the completion of your Profile Matrix in a later step.Step 6: Hacking as an AddictionAfter considering psychological factors of hackers and actors in the last step, you will expand your exploration into the concept of hacking as an addiction.In examining the psychological factors of hackers, some mental health and criminal justice professionals contend that hacking is an “addiction” and causes obsessive, risk-taking behavior in a manner similar to illegal narcotics—hackers hack to “get high” from the thrill of breaking into a system and getting away with it. Examine and document your thoughts on the following questions:Should policy makers look toward treatment, rather than incarceration, as to the disposition of hackers? Why or why not?Think about this question in relation to the Childs case and how it will affect your recommendations.Post your thoughts to the discussion board for feedback.Step 7: Ethical vs. Unethical HackersAs the cybersecurity field expands, the larger community discourse leads to changes in terminology. While some of our course materials may differentiate between the terms “hackers” and “crackers” as threat actors, we will use the terms “ethical hackers” and “nonethical hackers” to make the same differentiation. Learn about the different types of hackers, or nonstate actors, and document the following:How do the profiles for ethical and unethical hackers differ?Should these psychological attributes make a difference as to the amount of, or nature of the punishment meted out to those who are caught? Why or why not?Describe how certain factors can also motivate ethical hackers, or those who defend against cyberattacks? (e.g., revenge, patriotism, fear of government abuse, pride, respect for the law, ownership, anger, retaliation).While you do not need to submit your findings, they will be essential to the completion of your matrix in a later step.Step 8: Hacker ProfilingIn the previous step, you learned about the psychological factors that motivate hackers. In this step, you will go a bit further by learning how to profile hackers—a skill that is essential to the success of cybersecurity professionals. Read about hacker profiling and document the following:How do profiles of ethical and unethical hackers differ?While psychological profiling of criminals is not a new field, should we attempt to profile cybercriminals?What sort of things do we already know about the personalities of cybercriminals?Do we have enough evidence to indicate there is a distinct psychological pattern that would help in the apprehension of cybercriminals?In the next step, you will use all the information you’ve learned about hackers to create a matrix.Step 9: Define Standards, Policies, and GuidelinesBefore you can complete the Profile Matrix and develop solutions for your company, you will need to take a closer look at how standards, policies, and guidelines affect a company’s security posture. You probably already have questions about what policies were in place prior to the Childs incident. In this step, you dig deeper and learn more about the difference between standards, policies, and guidelines by creating a two- to three-page comparison report. Your report should answer the following questions:What is the difference between standards, policies, and guidelines?How do they relate to one another?How well do they work in securing networks and data within the organization?This report is particularly important because it will affect the recommendations you make to your boss regarding the case. You will use this report as Appendix C to your presentation.Submit your Standards, Policies, and Guidelines Definition for feedback.Submission for Standards, Policies, and Guidelines DefinitionStep 10: Prepare a Profile MatrixNow that you have familiarized yourself with the concepts of hackers and standards, policies, and guidelines, it is important to understand how to match the two in an organization.For this assignment, prepare a Profile Matrix that lists the different types of hackers in the first column, and for each, list the psychological profile, main motivations, threats to the organization, benefits to the organization, and whether or not a standard, guideline, or policy best applies to them. Be sure to identify an example of a standard, guideline, or policy that may apply.You should identify a minimum of six hacker-type examples. This will assist you in both helping upper management identify insider threats and to prevent future breaches.Finally, at this point in your assignment, you should have encountered concerns about using profiles to “watch” employees and the benefits and dangers of doing so. Include a short paragraph about your findings to the matrix.Submit your Profile Matrix for feedback.Submission for Profile MatrixStep 11: Insider Threat Scenario: Insider Fraud at Daytona Investment BankNow that you’ve completed your profile matrix, the next step will be for you to investigate an insider threat scenario.This exercise discusses a fictitious scenario about Insider Fraud at Daytona Investment Bank. In the scenario, an internal investigation revealed that Shane Kerry, an arbitrage trader specializing in Asian stock markets, used his knowledge of the bank’s internal information security controls to disguise fraudulent transactions. These transactions resulted in a loss of $2 billion.After completing the exercise, answer the following question:Could specific standards, policies, and guidelines or other countermeasures have prevented these fraudulent transactions? Explain.Post your answer to the discussion board for feedback.Step 12: Case Issues and SolutionsAfter completing your research, practice simulations, and documentation in the prior steps, you are now ready to review and digest the case information in order to identify what went wrong in the Childs case. Reread the annotated research items that you collected for the case in Step 1 and identify the examples of poor judgment from Childs and the organization that may have led to the event. Consider the effects of cybercrime and the effects of increased cyber protection on an organization’s mission.Use the Case Issues and Solutions Template to categorize and annotate a minimum of three issues (each) that pertain to each of the following:people (human factors)technologystandards, policies, or guidelinesSubmit your completed Case Issues and Solutions Template for feedback.Step 13: Summarize and Develop Your SolutionsIn the previous step, you identified the major issues in the Childs case. It is now time to discuss the solutions. In order to develop recommendations to include in your presentation, you must first prepare your solutions.Summarize recommended solutions to alleviate the insider threat caused by Childs, with at least three recommendations each in the categories of people, technology, and policy. Rank your recommended solutions in order of “must implement,” “highly recommended,” and “generally recommended.” You will use this solutions summary to develop your recommendations in your final presentation.Step 14: Document Findings in a PresentationYou now have all of the information needed to develop the slide presentation that provides information to the San Francisco City office to avert situations similar to the Childs case.Develop a narrated slide presentation of 10-15 slides that shows your findings. Include all of the information you gathered from your previous research, summaries, and reports.Submit your final presentation with appendices when complete.Check Your Evaluation CriteriaBefore you submit your assignment, review the competencies below, which your instructor will use to evaluate your work. A good practice would be to use each competency as a self-check to confirm you have incorporated all of them. To view the complete grading rubric, click My Tools, select Assignments from the drop-down menu, and then click the project title.1.7: Create neat and professional looking documents appropriate for the project or presentation.2.1: Identify and clearly explain the issue, question, or problem under critical consideration.6.3: Integrate the human aspect of cybersecurity into an organization’s cybersecurity policy.
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