Fluids and Electrolytes Discussion Assignment

Fluids and Electrolytes Discussion Assignment
1. How much fluid should a nurse teach a female patient
to consume during 24 hours to maintain normal fluid
balance?
1. 500 mL
2. 1,00 mL
3. 1,500 mL
4. 2,200 mL
2. A patient who is scheduled for chemotherapy is receiving 1 L of fluid over a 2-hour period before receiving
nephrotoxic chemotherapy. The nurse assesses the
patient frequently for hypervolemia during this 2-hour
period. For what early sign of hypervolemia should the
nurse assess the patient?
1. Poor skin turgor
2. Crackles in the lungs
3. Jugular vein distention
4. Increased urinary output
Fluids and Electrolytes Discussion Assignment
3. A nurse is caring for a patient who is receiving a lowpotassium diet. Which food should the nurse teach
the patient to avoid? Select all that apply.
1. Chicken liver
2. Tomato soup
3. Lima beans
4. Spinach
5. Carrots
4. A patient receiving Lasix daily is admitted with a
diagnosis of dehydration and hypokalemia. The
patient’s IV fluid is 1,000 mL 0.9 percent normal
saline with 20 mEq of potassium chloride infusing at
125 mL/hour. What is most important for the nurse
to assess?
1. Food intake
2. Intravenous site
3. Intake and output
4. Pulse and respirations
5. A nurse is completing a patient’s intake and output form
for May 6. What is the total fluid intake for May 6?
Answer: mL
6. A nurse is monitoring the most recent laboratory
results for a group of patients. Which result should
cause the most concern?
1. Serum potassium of 5.8 mEq/L for a patient after
cardiac surgery
2. Hemoglobin level of 10 mg/dL for a patient with a
history of anemia
3. Blood glucose of 124 mg/dL for a patient with a history of type 1 diabetes
4. White blood cell count of 10,000/mm3 for a patient
who had a colon resection 3 days ago
7. A nurse in the emergency department is caring for a
variety of patients. Which patients should the nurse
identify are at risk for a fluid volume deficit? Select all
that apply.
1. Man with chronic kidney disease
2. Older adult with perfuse diaphoresis
3. Adolescent experiencing ketoacidosis
4. Infant experiencing diarrhea for
12 hours
5. Woman who is in the 8th month of
gestation
8. A nurse is caring for a patient who is experiencing
fluid volume excess evidenced by significant dependent edema. The primary health-care provider orders a
1,000 mL fluid restriction. Which nursing intervention is most important?
1. Offer ice chips frequently.
2. Provide frequent mouth care.
3. Assess extent of edema daily.
4. Keep the legs lower than the heart.

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