You have been engaged as a consultant to design a master budget model and then to assist Helping Hand Corp. in making some management decisions based on that master budget. Helping Hand is a small rapidly growing wholesaler of consumer electronic products. The company’s main product lines are small kitchen appliances and power tools. The marketing manager has recently completed a sales forecast. She believes the company’s sales will increase by 2 percent each month over the previous month’s sales from December 2019 through March 2020. Then sales are expected to remain constant for several months. Helping Hand’s projected balance sheet as of December 31 2019 is as follows: Cash $ 140000 Accounts receivable 202851 Marketable securities 55000 Inventory 35894 Buildings and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation) 610000 Total assets $ 1043745 Accounts payable $ 124488 Sales commissions payable 7038 Bond interest payable 5000 Property taxes payable 0 Bonds payable (3%; due in 2023) 500000 Common stock 250000 Retained earnings 157219 Total liabilities and stockholders equity $ 1043745 The following information has been accumulated to assist with preparing the master budget for the first quarter of 2020: 1) Projected sales for November 2019 are $230000. Credit sales are typically 85% of total sales. Helping Hand’s credit experience indicates that 12% of credit sales are collected during the month of sale 74% in the month following the sale and 14% in the second month following the sale. Experience shows the remaining credit sales are uncollectible. 2) Helping Hand’s cost of goods sold generally runs at 60% of sales. Inventory is purchased on account and 12% of each month’s purchases are paid during the month of purchase. The remainder is paid during the following month. In order to have adequate stocks of inventory on hand the company attempts to have inventory on hand at the end of each month equal to 25% of the next month’s projected cost of goods sold. 3) The controller has estimated that Helping Hand’s other monthly expenses will be as follows: Sales salaries $ 30000 Advertising and promotion 6000 Administrative salaries 11000 Depreciation 8000 Interest on bonds 1250 Property taxes 4000 In addition sales commissions run at the rate of 3.0 percent of sales. Sales commissions are paid in the month following the month of sale. 4) The company president has indicated that the company should invest $200000 in an automated inventory-handling system to control the movement of inventory in the company’s warehouse just after the new year begins. The president would like to purchase the equipment primarily from the company’s cash and marketable securities. However the president believes the company should have a minimum cash balance of $20000 at the end of each month. If necessary the remainder of the equipment purchase may be financed using short-term credit from a local bank. The minimum lending period for such a loan is three months (this means the earliest the loan can be paid off is March 31st). The current short-term interest rates are 6 percent per year and are expected to remain at this rate through the time the equipment is purchased. If a loan is necessary the entire amount required for the quarter must be borrowed on January 1st and must be in a $1000 increment. The loan is a short term loan and the president has decided it should be paid off at the end of the first quarter if possible. If the entire amount cannot be repaid at March 31st any partial payment will be paid at the end of the first quarter and in a $1000 increment. 5) Helping Hand’s board of directors has indicated an intention to declare and pay dividends of $100000 on the last day of each quarter. 6) The interest on any short-term borrowing will be paid when the loan is repaid. Interest on Helping Hand’s bonds is paid semiannually on February 28 and August 31 for the preceding six-month period. 7) Property taxes are paid quarterly on March 31 June 30 September 30 and December 31 for the preceding three-month period. Required: Build a model to forecast Helping Hand Corp’s cash balance at March 31 2020. Your model must contain the following master budget schedules. Round all amounts to the nearest dollar. Your model should allow you to change any of the assumptions provided above and easily recalculate the ending cash balance at March 31 2020. The assumptions may be on a separate worksheet but all of the schedules below must be on one worksheet. 1) Sales budget: 2019 2020 November December January February March 1st Quarter Total sales Cash sales Sales on account 2020 January February March 1st Quarter Cash sales Cash collections from credit sales made during current month Cash collections from credit sales made during preceding month Cash collections from credit sales made during 2nd preceding month Total cash receipts 3) Purchases budget: 2019 2020 December January February March 1st Quarter Budgeted cost of goods sold Add: Desired ending inventory Total goods needed Less: Expected beginning inventory Purchases 4) Cash disbursements budget: 2020 January February March 1st Quarter Inventory purchases: Cash payments for purchases during the current month Cash payments for purchases during the preceding month Total cash payments for inventory purchases Other expenses: Sales salaries Advertising and promotion Administrative salaries Interest on bonds Property taxes Sales commissions Total cash payments for other expenses Total cash disbursements 5) Summary cash budget: 2020 January February March 1st Quarter Cash receipts (sch 2) Less: Cash disbursements (sch 4) Change in cash balance during period due to operations Sale of marketable securities (1/2/20) Proceeds from bank loan (1/2/20) Purchase of equipment Repayment of bank loan (3/31/20) Interest on bank loan Payment of dividends Change in cash balance during the month Beginning cash balance Ending cash balance Requirements: Excel file and memo | .xls file ‘
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