Mills Theory/View of Utilitarianism (Attached below the exercise is a reading document of text file based on Mills perspective of Utilitarianism which you may use to complete the exercise.) Part- 1.) On pg. 48 (see the first four sentences) Mill raises a key question that he thinks that any moral theory must be able to explain. Which of the following best describes the question that Mill is raising here? Group of answer choices:
A.) Why motives does anyone have for actually following what an ethical theory says?
B.) What motivates us to study ethics?
C.) Which moral theory is best: Utilitarianism or Kantianism?
D.) What are the correct moral standards?
Part- 2.) On Pg. 50 Mill talks about the external sanctions (or motivations) for following the Utilitarian theory of right conduct. Which of the following best describes Mills view on why people have external motivations for being moral by the Utilitarian standard? Group of answer choices:
A.) If you follow the Utilitarian theory you will be a virtuous person.
B.) If you follow the Utilitarian theory you will maximize happiness for those around you which in turn will cause them to be pleased with you.
C.) If you follow the Utilitarian theory there will be far fewer crimes.
D.) If you follow the Utilitarian theory you wont be doing anything illegal.
Part- 3.) On Pg. 63 Mills claims that while many things are desirable power is the only thing that is desirable as an end in itself. Group of answer choices:
Part- 4.) On Pg. 63-64 Mill argues that insofar as money is desirable it is desirable as a means to some other end. Group of answer choices:
Part- 5.) According to Mill why do people ultimately desire money and material goods like video games/TVs/computers/etc.? Group of answer choices:
A.) Because it makes them happy.
B.) Because it makes them powerful.
C.) Because it allows them to find love.
D.) Because it makes them intelligent.
Requirements: Please answers all parts of the question by choosing the correct answers based on the reading attached below the exercise with explanations where applicable.
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