The Müller-Lyer illusion is a convenient illusion in which the evidence or perceived length of a line varies based on whether it ends in an arrow tailor is arrowhead (Sakiyama & Gunji, 2013). Based on the Müller-Lyer illusion, the right vertical lines are apparently longer than the left vertical line, although these lines are of exactly similar length (see figure 1 below). The illusion results from the presence of the fins, which make the lines to appear different in length. When the fins are in, the line appears shorter while when they are out, it appears longer. According to Müller-Lyer, this was ‘confluxion’. Researchers have focused on further studies to understand this illusion, but without a consensus on specific perceived principles responsible for the illusion (Dewar, 1967b) while other explanations have been rejected (Cooper & Runyon, 1970).
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