Spain and the Holy Roman Empire in 16th Centuries

Spain and the Holy Roman Empire in 16th Centuries
46. Why did Isabel and Ferdinand establish the Spanish Inquisition?
(A) to enable them to banish all Protestants from their kingdom
(B) to force all the people to observe the same religious faith
(C) to achieve absolute control over the aristocracy
(D) to convince the pope in Rome of their personal loyalty
(E) to hold major ceremonial events for the mass of the people
47. As a result of the defeat of the Spanish Armada,
(A) Spain ceded its North American colonies to England
(B) the North African Muslims were driven out of the Iberian Peninsula
(C) the Holy Roman Empire severed its alliance with Spain
(D) Spain ceased to be a dominant European power
(E) Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile married, thus creating
a united Spanish monarchy
48. Which is NOT one reason for conflict between England and Spain
during the late 1500s?
(A) Elizabeth I’s resentment over Philip II’s treatment of Queen Mary
during the latter’s lifetime
(B) competition for colonies in the Western Hemisphere
(C) English piracy against Spanish ships
(D) patterns of foreign alliances
(E) religious differences
49. What was the root cause of the strong, lasting alliance between Spain
and the Holy Roman Empire?
(A) They shared a common geographical border.
(B) Their monarchs were members of the same immediate family.
(C) They worked together to expel the North African Muslims from
(D) They defied the pope by establishing their own state religions.
(E) They were both longtime enemies of France.
14 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 European History Questions
50. During the pre-industrial era, which of the following exports became
the mainstay of the Spanish economy?
(A) wool
(B) vinegar
(C) fine wines, port, and sherry
(D) olives and olive oil
(E) wheat
51. Which best explains the principle of the divine right of kings, by which
Isabel and Ferdinand ruled Spain?
(A) The monarch is both a literal and a figurative descendant of God.
(B) The Church and the monarch work together to maintain a stable and
homogeneous realm.
(C) God’s wisdom placed the monarch in his or her position of authority;
therefore the monarch’s authority cannot be challenged or questioned.
(D) The monarch has the absolute right to rule because the monarch
and the people share the same faith.
(E) The monarch is considered God’s representative on earth.
52. The term Reconquista refers to which of the following?
(A) the marriage of Isabel and Ferdinand
(B) the ouster of the Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula
(C) the expansion of the Spanish Empire into South America
(D) the Spanish participation in the African slave trade
(E) the Spanish takeover of various Italian provinces
53. During the mid-1500s, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I faced
a constant threat of invasion from
(A) Austria
(B) France
(C) Italy
(D) Poland
(E) Turkey
54. Which best describes the religious policy of Ferdinand I, as both
Holy Roman Emperor and king of Hungary and Bohemia?
(A) He banned the practice of Catholicism within the realm.
(B) He banned the practice of Protestantism within the realm.
(C) He encouraged Catholicism but permitted freedom of worship
in the realm.
(D) He denied any papal authority within the realm.
(E) He thoroughly reorganized the Church hierarchy within the realm.

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