Tensions between Eastern and Western Christianity

Tensions between Eastern and Western Christianity
251. The key to the prosperity of Constantinople was its crucial location
on the
(A) Caspian Sea
(B) Red Sea
(C) Tiber River
(D) Baltic Sea
(E) Bosporus Strait
252. The movement that shook the Byzantine Empire between 726
and 843 was known as
(A) Monophysitism
(B) Arianism
(C) Pelagianism
(D) Nestorianism
(E) iconoclasm
253. The first major military challenge to the Byzantine Empire came
in the late sixth and early seventh centuries from the
(A) Slavs
(B) Avars
(C) Sassanids
(D) Arabs
(E) Bulgars
254. Tensions between Eastern and Western Christianity
(A) were resolved after the fall of Constantinople in 1453
(B) were settled by the Fourth Crusade
(C) resulted in a split between the popes and patriarchs in 1054
(D) involved only practical and not doctrinal differences
(E) were ignored by the patriarch Photios the Great so he could
pursue his classical studies
60 ❯ McGraw-Hill’s 500 World History Questions, Volume 1
255. All of the following are true of the so-called Macedonian renaissance
of the ninth and tenth centuries EXCEPT that
(A) it is sometimes called the first Byzantine renaissance
(B) Basil II subjected all of Bulgaria to Byzantine rule
(C) Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos wrote books
on geography and history
(D) relations with the Roman Catholic Church improved
(E) Photios the Great helped convert the Slavs to Christianity
256. The earliest Christian coenobitic monasticism emerged in
(A) Russia
(B) Greece
(C) Anatolia
(D) Persia
(E) Egypt
257. Byzantines flocked to hippodromes, mixing sports rivalry with
(A) theatrical presentations
(B) religious festivals
(C) political partisanship
(D) inaugurations of government officials
(E) declarations of anathema against Muslims
258. The Byzantine Empire did all of the following EXCEPT
(A) bar women from witnessing wills
(B) outlaw prostitution
(C) make divorce and remarriage more difficult than under older
Roman law
(D) require women to veil their heads as a sign of modesty
(E) institute stiffer legal penalties for sexual offenses
259. Pronoia refers to
(A) the mid-tenth-century reform of the monasteries
(B) the policy of the Byzantine Empire toward the Crusader states
(C) the deflation of the currency under the Comnenian Dynasty
(D) a system of land grants in the Byzantine Empire
(E) a Christological heresy regarding the nature of Jesus’s humanity
Byzantium ❮ 61
260. All of the following are true of Hagia Sophia EXCEPT that
(A) it was commissioned by Justinian I
(B) it was the largest cathedral in the world for almost 1,000 years
(C) it was noted for its stunning figurative mosaics
(D) it was sacked and destroyed during the Fourth Crusade
(E) its enormous dome was supported by construction devices known
as pendentives

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